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Thabo Mbeki

Thabo Mbeki




Thabo Mbeki, a South African politician, served as the country's second president from June 1999 to September 2008. He was born on June 18, 1942, in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape, to Epainette and Govan Mbeki, both prominent figures in the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP). Mbeki's political career began in 1956 when he joined the ANC Youth League, eventually rising through the ranks and becoming a key negotiator in ending apartheid. He spent nearly thirty years in exile, during which he played pivotal roles in shaping ANC policy and diplomatic efforts against apartheid.

During his presidency, Mbeki pursued market-friendly economic policies aimed at reducing public debt and fostering moderate economic growth. However, his approach drew criticism for neglecting developmental objectives, causing rifts within the ANC. He also focused on Pan-Africanism and multilateralism in foreign policy, championing initiatives like the New Partnership for Africa's Development and the African Peer Review Mechanism.

Mbeki's tenure was marred by controversy, notably his handling of the HIV/AIDS crisis, marked by delays in prevention and treatment programs. His skepticism towards mainstream scientific consensus on AIDS sparked criticism and hindered effective policy implementation. Additionally, his political downfall began in 2007 when he was replaced as ANC president by Jacob Zuma, leading to his resignation as president in 2008 amid allegations of political interference in corruption charges against Zuma.

Despite challenges, Mbeki's legacy includes his pivotal role in ending apartheid, his diplomatic efforts to elevate Africa's global stature, and his contributions to various peacekeeping initiatives on the continent. He founded the Thabo Mbeki Foundation to promote Africa's development and established the Thabo Mbeki African Leadership Institute to train future leaders.

Mbeki's personal life was marked by tragedy, including the disappearance of his son Monwabisi Kwanda and his brother Jama in exile. He married Zanele Dlamini Mbeki in 1974, and although they had no children together, Mbeki received numerous honorary degrees and awards for his contributions to South Africa and Africa as a whole.


Time of Birth:

Place of Birth: Mbewuleni, South Africa

Long: 27.7143° E

Lat: 31.6594° S

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Date of Birth: June 18, 1942

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