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Sardar Patel

Sardar Patel

Introduction

About

VALLABHBHAI JHAVERBHAI PATEL

Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel, affectionately known as Sardar Patel, was a towering figure in Indian history, renowned for his pivotal role in the nation's struggle for independence and its subsequent unification. Born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, Patel's journey from a small-town lawyer to India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister is a testament to his determination and leadership.

Patel grew up in the rustic surroundings of Gujarat, displaying early on a remarkable blend of self-reliance and resolve. Despite a late start in his education, Patel was undeterred, ultimately passing his matriculation at the age of 22. He pursued a career in law with an ambition that took him from local courts in Godhra, Borsad, and Anand to the prestigious Middle Temple in London, where he completed a 36-month course in just 30 months.

Returning to India, Patel established himself as a formidable lawyer in Ahmedabad. However, his encounter with Mahatma Gandhi in 1917 catalyzed his transformation into a political leader. Patel's organizational prowess shone through during the Kheda Satyagraha, where he mobilized peasants to refuse tax payments in protest against British policies. This success marked the beginning of his influential political career.

Patel became one of Gandhi's closest lieutenants, spearheading numerous campaigns across Gujarat. His leadership in the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928 earned him the title "Sardar," meaning "chief." His efforts in the Quit India Movement of 1942 were instrumental in galvanizing national sentiment against British rule, leading to his imprisonment from 1942 to 1945.

As India approached independence, Patel's greatest challenge emerged: the integration of over 565 princely states into a single nation. Through astute diplomacy and unwavering resolve, Patel convinced most states to join India, ensuring the country’s territorial integrity. His role in the annexation of Junagadh and Hyderabad stands as a testament to his strategic acumen and his commitment to national unity.

Patel's dedication to national integration earned him the epithet "Iron Man of India." He played a crucial role in establishing the modern Indian administrative framework, particularly through the creation of the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service. His efforts in promoting economic policies and fundamental rights left an indelible mark on India's governance.

The towering Statue of Unity, the world's tallest statue, was erected in his honor in 2018, symbolizing his enduring legacy. His contributions continue to be celebrated annually on October 31st, designated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day).


www.wikipedia.com

Place of Birth: Nadiad

Date of Birth: October 31, 1875

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