DATE OF BIRTH: 4th February 1913
TIME OF BIRTH: 5:12 am
PLACE OF BIRTH: Tuskegee, Alabama
LONG: 85 W 42
LAT: 32 N 25
TIME ZONE: GMT 6
ASCENDANT: 19 Capricorn
SUN SIGN: 15 Aquarius
MOON SIGN: 25 Capricorn
American activist known as "the mother of the civil rights movement" due to her sparking of the Montgomery bus boycott, leading to a 12/21/1956 Supreme Court order outlawing discriminatory practices on Montgomery busses. It was on 12/01/1955 that the soft-spoken 42-year old seamstress left work to catch the bus home. When the bus became loaded the driver told her to give her seat to a white man - and she refused - almost single-handedly starting the modern civil rights movement. She said, "I had been pushed as far as I could stand to be pushed. I had decided that I would have to know once and for all what rights I had as a human being and a citizen."
She wrote her autobiography with Jim Haskins, "The Montgomery Story," 1958.
at age 92, she brought suit against rap duo OutKast over the use of her name in their 1998 song, "Rosa Parks." She settled in April 2005 and the group will produce a tribute CD to her.
The awe-inspiring woman died in Detroit, MI on October 24, 2005; she was 92 years old.
Rosa Parks was an iconic figure in the civil rights movement in the United States. Born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama, she became known as the "mother of the civil rights movement" for her pivotal role in challenging racial segregation.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a seamstress and secretary for the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her act of defiance led to her arrest, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a pivotal moment in the civil rights movement.
The boycott, which lasted for 381 days, was a nonviolent protest against segregated seating on public buses and was organized by civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. It caused significant economic strain on the public transit system and drew national attention to the issue of segregation.
Rosa Parks' bravery and determination inspired others to join the fight against racial injustice. Her actions and the success of the boycott eventually led to a Supreme Court ruling declaring segregation on public buses unconstitutional.
Parks continued to be an advocate for civil rights throughout her life. She worked with civil rights leaders, participated in protests, and became an internationally recognized symbol of resistance against racial discrimination.
Her legacy extends far beyond the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks became a symbol of courage, dignity, and the ongoing struggle for equality. She received numerous awards and honors for her contributions to the civil rights movement and remained an influential figure until her passing on October 24, 2005. Her impact continues to resonate, inspiring generations to stand up against injustice and fight for equal rights.