Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, served from 1969 to 1974. He was a member of the Republican Party, having previously held roles as a representative, senator, and vice president under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. His presidency included notable events such as reducing U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, establishing relations with China, the Apollo 11 Moon landing, and creating agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency. Nixon's presidency was marred by the Watergate scandal, leading to his resignation, making him the only U.S. president to do so.
Nixon's early life was in a humble Quaker family in Southern California. He studied law at Duke Law School, practiced law in California, and moved to Washington to work for the federal government during World War II. His political career took off when he was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 and gained prominence for his role in the Alger Hiss case. Serving as Eisenhower's vice president from 1953 to 1961, he eventually became the Republican presidential nominee in 1960 but lost to John F. Kennedy. After a failed 1962 gubernatorial race, he made a successful presidential bid in 1968.
In his first term, Nixon achieved significant milestones, including ending U.S. involvement in Vietnam combat and the military draft, opening diplomatic relations with China, and signing the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union. He also initiated the war on drugs, pushed for environmental policies, lowered the voting age, improved relations with Native Americans, imposed wage and price controls, and oversaw the Apollo 11 Moon landing.
Nixon's second term faced challenges, such as the Yom Kippur War and the oil crisis. Revelations from the Watergate scandal eroded his support, leading to his resignation on August 9, 1974. His successor, Gerald Ford, issued him a pardon.
In retirement, Nixon wrote books and sought to rehabilitate his image as an elder statesman. He passed away in 1994 after suffering a stroke. Historians and political scientists have varied opinions on his presidency, with a mix of successes and controversies.
Date of Birth: 9th January, 1913
Time of Birth:
Place of Birth: Yorba Linda, California