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Mohan Lal Sukhadia

Mohan Lal Sukhadia




Mohan Lal Sukhadia, born on July 31, 1916, in Jhalawar, Rajasthan, is celebrated as the architect of modern Rajasthan. His political journey began early, influenced by a strong educational background and connections with notable national leaders. After completing his primary education in Nathdwara and Udaipur, Sukhadia pursued a diploma in electrical engineering from VJTI in Mumbai. His leadership abilities became evident during his college years, where he successfully led a student revolt against British rule, showcasing his exceptional managerial skills.

Returning to Nathdwara, Sukhadia started an electrical workshop, which became a hub for discussing socio-economic reforms and opposing British autocracy. His activism extended to the freedom struggle, where he played a crucial role in the Mewar Praja Mandal and later the Rajputana Prantiya Sabha, working tirelessly to educate and mobilize local peasants and tribes against oppressive landlords and British rule. His commitment to the cause led to his imprisonment during the Quit India Movement, reflecting his dedication to India's independence.

Post-independence, Sukhadia emerged as a prominent political figure in Rajasthan. He held various ministerial portfolios, including Revenue, Irrigation, and Agriculture, before becoming the Chief Minister in 1954. At just 38, Sukhadia embarked on a transformative journey, leading the state for an unprecedented 17 years. His tenure was marked by significant land reforms, including the abolition of the zamindari system through the Rajasthan Zamindari and Biswedari Abolition Act of 1959, which transferred land ownership to tenants and ended centuries of feudal oppression.

Sukhadia's administration also prioritized education and healthcare, dramatically reversing the colonial neglect of these sectors. Under his leadership, Rajasthan's expenditure on social services increased steadily, resulting in significant improvements in education and health metrics by the end of the 1970s. His decision to retain the Education portfolio as Chief Minister underscored his commitment to eradicating ignorance and disease, aligning with the national vision articulated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Mohan Lal Sukhadia's legacy extends beyond his chief ministerial tenure. He later served as the Governor of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, continuing his public service with dedication and integrity. Sukhadia's life and career remain a testament to his visionary leadership, which laid the foundation for Rajasthan's modern development and earned him enduring respect and admiration.

Place of Birth: Jhalawar

Date of Birth: July 31, 1916

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