King Mohammed VI, whose full name is Mohammed bin Hassan bin Mohammed bin Youssef Alaoui, was born on 21 August 1963. He is a member of the 'Alawi dynasty and is the king of Morocco. He ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999, following the death of his father, King Hassan II.
From an early age, King Mohammed received a religious and political education, attending the Quranic school at the Royal Palace when he was just four years old. He pursued his education and completed his primary and secondary studies at Collège Royal. In 1981, he obtained his Baccalaureate, and in 1985, he earned a bachelor's degree in law from Mohammed V University at Agdal. His research paper focused on "the Arab-African Union and the Strategy of the Kingdom of Morocco in matters of International Relations."
His educational journey continued as he pursued higher studies. In 1987, he obtained a Certificat d'Études Supérieures (CES) in political sciences, and in July 1988, he achieved a Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA) in public law. He furthered his knowledge through training in Brussels with Jacques Delors, the President of the European Commission, in November 1988. In 1993, he obtained his PhD in law with distinction from the French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis for his thesis on "EEC-Maghreb Relations."
King Mohammed VI also had a military career. On 26 November 1985, he was commissioned as a Colonel Major of the Royal Moroccan Army and served as the Coordinator of the Offices and Services of the Royal Armed Forces until 1994. In 1994, he was promoted to the military rank of Major General and became the president of the High Council of Culture and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Moroccan Army.
Before ascending to the throne, King Mohammed VI gained a reputation as a playboy, with interests in fast cars and nightclubs. However, his responsibilities changed dramatically when he became king on 23 July 1999, following his father's death. He was crowned in Rabat on 30 July 1999.
As king, Mohammed VI initiated various reforms, including changes to the family code (Mudawana) that granted women more power. However, allegations of corruption in his court, as revealed in leaked diplomatic cables from WikiLeaks in 2010, led to protests in 2011 as part of the wider Arab Spring movement. In response, he enacted further reforms and introduced a new constitution, which was passed by a public referendum on 1 July 2011.
Throughout his reign, King Mohammed VI has been involved in domestic and foreign policy matters. He implemented social reforms, created the Equity and Reconciliation Commission (IER) to address human rights violations, and played a significant role in the Western Sahara conflict. He also focused on strengthening Morocco's relations with African countries and diversified trade links and foreign investments.
King Mohammed VI's wealth comes from his vast business holdings, estimated to be between US$2.1 billion and over US$8.2 billion. He holds interests in various sectors, including banking, mining, telecommunications, and more. He also has extensive agricultural holdings and is a leading agricultural producer in Morocco.
In his personal life, King Mohammed VI was engaged to Salma Bennani, and they married in 2002. They have two children: Crown Prince Moulay Hassan and Princess Lalla Khadija. However, reports suggest that they divorced around March 2018.
King Mohammed VI has faced various health issues throughout his reign, including surgeries and illnesses, but has continued to fulfill his duties as the king of Morocco. His reign has seen significant changes in Morocco's political, social, and economic landscape, making him a central figure in the country's recent history.
DATE OF BIRTH: 21ST AUGUST, 1962
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