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Charan Singh

Charan Singh

Introduction

About

CHAUDHARY CHARAN SINGH

Chaudhary Charan Singh, born on 23rd December, 1902 in the Meerut district, was a prominent Indian politician and freedom fighter who dedicated his life to the welfare and rights of farmers. Known for his land and agricultural reform initiatives, Singh played a crucial role in shaping India's agrarian policies. He briefly served as the 5th Prime Minister of India from July 1979 to August 1979 and was a Member of Parliament for Baghpat. During his prime ministership, he was a member of the Janata Party (Secular). Prior to this, he served as the 5th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh as a member of the Bharatiya Kranti Dal and briefly as Deputy Prime Minister of India from January 1979 to July 1979.

Singh's journey began in a modest farming family. He completed his early education in Meerut and graduated from Agra College with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1923, followed by a Master of Arts in History in 1925, and a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Meerut College in 1927. His involvement in the Indian independence movement was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, leading to multiple imprisonments by the British authorities.

In the pre-independence era, Singh's legislative efforts focused on improving the village economy and combating the exploitation of farmers. His opposition to Jawaharlal Nehru's collectivist land policies marked a significant turning point in his career, positioning him as a key advocate for farmers' rights. He later founded the Lok Dal party and became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1967.

Singh's tenure as Prime Minister, although brief, was marked by significant events, including his stance against corruption and emphasis on ethical governance. His resignation after just 23 days in office was due to the withdrawal of support by Indira Gandhi's Congress Party over unresolved legal issues.

Despite his short tenure as Prime Minister, Singh's impact on Indian agriculture and politics was profound. He introduced key legislation such as the Consolidation of Holdings Act and the Uttar Pradesh Zamindari and Land Reforms Act, which abolished the zamindari system and empowered farmers. His dedication to the agrarian community earned him the title of "Champion of Farmers."

Chaudhary Charan Singh's legacy continues to be celebrated through institutions named in his honor, such as Chaudhary Charan Singh University and Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport. Kisan Diwas, observed annually on his birthday, honors his contributions to agriculture. In recognition of his exceptional service, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2024, India's highest civilian honor. Singh's life and work remain a testament to his unwavering commitment to social justice and rural development.


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Place of Birth: Hapur

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Date of Birth: 23rd December, 1902

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