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Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam




Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an eminent Indian aerospace scientist and statesman who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Born into a modest Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, Kalam's early life was shaped by his father's role as a boat owner and local mosque imam. Despite financial challenges, Kalam's innate curiosity and dedication to learning propelled him through his education.

After graduating in Physics from St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, Kalam pursued aerospace engineering at Madras Institute of Technology. His career began in 1960 at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), where he made significant contributions to India's missile and space programs. He played pivotal roles in the development of India's indigenous satellite launch vehicle and ballistic missile technologies, earning him the moniker "Missile Man of India."

Kalam's leadership extended to India's nuclear tests in 1998, solidifying his reputation as a key figure in India's defence and space capabilities. His tenure as President was marked by his accessible and inspirational approach, earning him the affectionate title of "People's President." Beyond his presidential duties, Kalam continued to advocate for education, writing, and public service.

Passionate about fostering India's future, Kalam outlined a vision in his book "India 2020" to elevate India into a "knowledge superpower." His vision encompassed key areas such as agriculture, education, information technology, infrastructure, and self-reliance in critical technologies. Additionally, he emphasized spirituality as crucial for societal transformation, influenced by his interactions with spiritual leader Pramukh Swami.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam's legacy extends beyond his scientific and political contributions. He actively engaged with students and promoted open-source technology, foreseeing its potential to democratize access to information technology. Honored with numerous accolades including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, Kalam's influence continues to inspire educational initiatives and scientific advancements across India.

Tragically, Kalam passed away while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong in 2015, leaving behind a profound legacy of dedication to nation-building, scientific innovation, and inclusive leadership. His life and work remain a beacon of inspiration for generations to come, celebrated through institutions, awards, and initiatives dedicated to advancing India's progress in science, education, and technology.

Place of Birth: Rameswaram

Date of Birth: 15 October, 1931

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