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Sameera Moussa

Sameera Moussa




Samira Moussa Aly, born on March 3, 1917, in Egypt's Gharbia Governorate, emerged as a pioneering figure in the realm of nuclear physics, etching her name in history as the first female Egyptian nuclear physicist. Her father, Moussa Ali, a renowned political activist, relocated with her to Cairo following the passing of her mother due to cancer. Settling in Cairo, Moussa Ali invested in a small hotel in the El-Hussein region, ensuring his daughter's access to education.

Despite excelling in secondary education and the prospect of pursuing engineering, Samira harbored a fervent desire to delve into the sciences, enrolling in the Faculty of Sciences at Cairo University. In 1939, she graduated with a Bachelor of Science in radiology, earning first-class honors for her pioneering research on the effects of X-ray radiation on various materials. Under the guidance of Dr. Moustafa Mousharafa, she ascended to become a remarkable lecturer and eventually the first female assistant professor at the faculty, marking her trailblazing journey in academia.

Driven by a profound belief in the potential of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, Samira championed the cause of "Atoms for Peace," envisioning affordable medical treatments and harnessing atomic energy for the betterment of humanity. Her relentless dedication culminated in the organization of the Atomic Energy for Peace Conference and the sponsorship of an international gathering under the banner of "Atoms for Peace," drawing together prominent scientists to advocate for nuclear safety measures.

Samira's quest for knowledge led her to the United States, where she pursued advanced research in atomic radiation at the University of California, Berkeley, under a prestigious Fulbright scholarship. Despite offers tempting her to settle in the United States, she remained steadfast in her commitment to her homeland, Egypt.

Tragically, Samira's promising journey was cut short by a fatal car accident near Sheridan, Wyoming, on August 15, 1952, while she was on vacation. Her untimely demise sparked rumors and speculation, with some alleging foul play, though the circumstances surrounding her death remain shrouded in mystery.

In recognition of her pioneering contributions, Samira received numerous accolades and honors, including the Order of Science and Arts, First Class, bestowed upon her by then-President Anwar Sadat in 1981. Her legacy lives on through the naming of a laboratory at the Faculty of Science and a school in her village in her honor, alongside the transmission of a serialized drama chronicling her remarkable life on Egyptian television.

Beyond her academic achievements, Samira's enduring legacy lies in her commitment to demystifying nuclear science and advocating for its peaceful applications. Through her authored works and lectures, she sought to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and public understanding, ensuring that her contributions resonate far beyond the confines of academia.

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Place of Birth: Gharbia Governorate



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Date of Birth: March 3, 1917

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