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Confucius

Confucius

Introduction

About

CONFUCIUS

Confucius, known in Chinese as Kong Fuzi or Kongzi, was a Chinese philosopher, teacher, and political figure whose ideas have profoundly influenced Chinese culture and East Asian thought for over two millennia. Born in 551 BCE in the state of Lu, which is in modern-day Qufu, Shandong Province, Confucius belonged to a family of modest means. His father, Kong He, died when Confucius was only three years old, leaving his mother, Yan Zhengzai, to raise him. Despite these early hardships, Confucius was determined to pursue knowledge and self-improvement.


Confucius’s philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, the correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. These concepts are encapsulated in the term "Ren" (仁), which means "humaneness" or "benevolence." He believed that social harmony could be achieved through the proper roles and responsibilities within a family and society, which he referred to as the "Five Relationships": ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, elder and younger siblings, and friends.


Confucius's teachings were later compiled by his disciples into a collection known as the "Analects." These texts provide insights into his thoughts on various subjects, including ethics, politics, and education. His emphasis on education led him to advocate for a system where individuals could be trained in morality and virtue, which he believed were essential for a well-ordered society. This led to the establishment of Confucian academies and the spread of his ideas across China and beyond.


Politically, Confucius was active as well. He held several minor government positions before becoming the Minister of Justice in Lu. However, due to political intrigue and the corruption he witnessed, he resigned and spent many years traveling across various states in China, seeking a ruler who would implement his ideas. Despite his efforts, he did not find a ruler who fully embraced his teachings during his lifetime.


Confucius's influence continued to grow after his death in 479 BCE. His followers, particularly Mencius and Xunzi, expanded and interpreted his teachings, leading to the development of Confucianism as a formal system of thought. During the Han Dynasty, Confucianism was established as the state ideology, which helped to preserve and propagate Confucius's teachings throughout East Asia.


Confucius is often credited with laying the foundation for the values that are central to Chinese culture, such as respect for elders, filial piety, and the importance of education. His philosophy has had a lasting impact not only in China but also in Korea, Japan, and Vietnam, shaping the ethical and social norms of these societies.


REFERENCE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confucius

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Place of Birth: Lu

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Date of Birth: 551 BCE

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