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Chief Obafemi Awolowo

Chief Obafemi Awolowo




Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Oyeniyi Awolowo, born on March 6, 1909, in Ikenne, Ogun State, Nigeria, was a pivotal figure in Nigeria's nationalist movement and political history. He played a significant role in Nigeria's journey to independence from 1957 to 1960.

Awolowo was instrumental in founding the Yoruba nationalist group Egbe Omo Oduduwa. He served as the first Leader of Government Business, Minister of Local Government and Finance, and Premier of the Western Region from 1952 to 1959 under Nigeria's parliamentary system. Additionally, he held the position of official opposition leader in the federal parliament during the Balewa government from 1959 to 1963.

As a young man, Awolowo was active in journalism, editing publications like the Nigerian Worker. He obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree in Nigeria before traveling to London to pursue a degree in law. He was called to the Bar in 1946 and later founded the Nigerian Tribune in 1949, utilizing it to promote nationalist ideals.

Awolowo's political career was marked by his advocacy for federalism, which he believed was crucial for equitable national integration. He championed the cause of federalism through various platforms, including his book "Path to Nigerian Freedom" in 1947.

During his tenure as premier, Awolowo implemented progressive social legislation, including free primary education and healthcare in the Western Region. He also spearheaded infrastructure development, establishing the first television service in Africa in 1959.

However, Awolowo faced challenges, including imprisonment in 1963 under accusations of sedition, which he contended until his pardon in 1966. Despite these obstacles, he continued to serve his country, assuming the role of Minister of Finance during the Nigerian Civil War.

Awolowo's contributions earned him the title of the leader of the Yorubas and the respect of his people. He contested for the presidency three times, representing the Unity Party of Nigeria in 1979 and 1983 but was unsuccessful.

His legacy extends beyond politics; Awolowo's integrity, welfarism, and advocacy for federalism have left an indelible mark on Nigeria's development. He passed away peacefully on May 9, 1987, at his home in Ikenne, leaving behind a legacy of service and dedication to his country.

In recognition of his contributions, Awolowo has been honored with the inclusion of his image on the 100 Naira banknote and held the prestigious title of the Odole Oodua of Ile-Ife.


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Place of Birth: Ikenne, Ogun State.



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Date of Birth: March 6, 1909

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