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Steve Biko

Steve Biko




Steve Biko was a prominent South African anti-apartheid activist and a key figure in the Black Consciousness Movement during the late 1960s and 1970s. Born on December 18, 1946, in Tarkastad, Eastern Cape, he was raised in a racially mixed township in Ginsberg. His exposure to the harsh realities of apartheid and his mother's challenging work conditions shaped his early political awareness. Biko's academic journey included his time at the University of Natal Medical School, where he became involved in student politics and eventually co-founded the South African Students' Organisation (SASO) in 1969.

Biko's advocacy for Black Consciousness emphasized psychological empowerment and self-affirmation for black South Africans. His leadership in the movement led to his banning by the apartheid government in 1973, restricting his activities and movements. Despite these restrictions, he continued his activism by establishing the Black People's Convention (BPC) and initiating community development projects to uplift black communities.

In August 1977, Biko was arrested and subjected to severe interrogation and physical abuse, which ultimately led to his death on September 12, 1977. His death drew international attention to the injustices of apartheid and sparked widespread condemnation.

Biko's legacy as a political martyr and the "Father of Black Consciousness" endures through his contributions to the anti-apartheid struggle and his promotion of black self-confidence and liberation. His influence continues to resonate in the ongoing fight for social justice and equality in South Africa and beyond.


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