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Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud




Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for evaluating and treating psychological pathologies arising from conflicts in the psyche. Born to Galician Jewish parents in 1856, he qualified as a doctor in 1881 and later became a professor at the University of Vienna. Freud's clinical practice, established in Vienna in 1886, led to groundbreaking work in psychoanalytic theory.

Freud's contributions include therapeutic techniques like free association and the concept of transference. He redefined sexuality, introducing the Oedipus complex as a central idea. His analysis of dreams and symptom formation provided insight into the unconscious mind, leading to his model of psychic structure: id, ego, and super-ego. Freud also proposed the concepts of libido and the death drive.

Throughout his career, Freud explored the influence of religion and culture on human behavior. Despite criticism and declining popularity as a clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential in psychology, psychiatry, and the humanities. Freud's work continues to provoke debate about its efficacy and scientific status, but it has profoundly impacted contemporary Western thought and culture.


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Date of Birth: May 6, 1856

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