Date of Birth: January 12, 1933
Time of Birth:
Place of Birth: Menofia Governorate
Kamal Ganzouri,born on 12 January 1933 was an Egyptian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Egypt during two separate periods. Born in Garwan, Egypt, Ganzouri earned a Ph.D. at Michigan State University, United States, and began his career in academia, teaching at Egyptian universities and training institutes from 1959.
Ganzouri's political career saw him in various roles, starting as an economic adviser to the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa in 1968. He served as a board member of the Sadat Academy for Administrative Sciences and held positions as an adviser to President Anwar Sadat. Ganzouri became Governor of the New Valley State in 1976 and later Governor of the Bani Suef State in 1977. He also served as Minister of Planning and International Cooperation and Deputy Prime Minister.
In 1996, Ganzouri was appointed as Prime Minister for the first time, succeeding Atef Sedki. During his tenure, he initiated major projects aimed at developing and reclaiming new lands away from the Nile Valley. Ganzouri focused on economic development, improving relations with the International Bank through the International Monetary Fund, and reducing the poverty ratio from 21% to 17%. Despite accomplishing significant goals, he was dismissed as Prime Minister in 1999.
After leaving office, Ganzouri stayed away from the media but reappeared during the 2011 Egyptian Revolution, expressing support for the people's movement. He declined to answer whether he would nominate himself for the presidency, emphasizing that it should be the people's choice.
In 2011, after the resignation of Prime Minister Essam Sharaf, Ganzouri was appointed by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to form a new coalition government. His second term as Prime Minister, known as the "Salvation Government," lasted from December 2011 to June 2012.
Kamal Ganzouri passed away on 31 March 2021, leaving behind a legacy marked by his contributions to economic planning and governance in Egypt.