George Walker Bush, born on July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut, is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He was a member of the Republican Party and had previously held the position of the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.
Bush's early life was influenced by his family's strong political background. He was the first child of George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Pierce and grew up in Midland and Houston, Texas, along with his siblings, including Jeb, Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy. Unfortunately, his younger sister, Robin, passed away from leukemia at the age of three in 1953. His family had a long history of political involvement, with his paternal grandfather, Prescott Bush, serving as a U.S. senator from Connecticut, and his father, George H.W. Bush, becoming the 41st President of the United States. George W. Bush had a diverse ancestry, including English, German, Dutch, Welsh, Irish, French, and Scottish roots.
His education journey began with public schools in Midland, Texas, and continued at Phillips Academy, a boarding school in Andover, Massachusetts. At Phillips Academy, he was actively involved in activities like baseball and was the head cheerleader during his senior year. He then attended Yale University, graduating in 1968 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history. During his time at Yale, he was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and the Skull and Bones society. After completing his undergraduate studies, he pursued a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree at Harvard Business School, graduating in 1975, making him the only U.S. president to hold an MBA.
In his personal life, Bush had a brief engagement with Cathryn Lee Wolfman in 1967, but the engagement didn't last. He then met Laura Welch at a barbecue in 1977, and after a three-month courtship, they married on November 5 of that year. They settled in Midland, Texas, and had fraternal twin daughters, Barbara and Jenna, on November 25, 1981. Bush's journey towards faith was influenced by his wife and renowned evangelist Billy Graham, which led him to embrace Christianity. Additionally, he overcame struggles with alcohol abuse, which significantly impacted his life and relationships. Faith played a vital role in his recovery and the decision to give up drinking.
In terms of hobbies, Bush was an avid reader, with a preference for biographies and histories. He was also a regular Bible reader during his presidency. Other interests included cigar smoking, golf, and painting. He engaged in various painting projects, including portraits of veterans and immigrants, and a collection titled "Out of Many, One."
In his military career, Bush served in the Texas Air National Guard and was commissioned in May 1968. He was later assigned to Houston, flying Convair F-102s with the 147th Reconnaissance Wing. However, there were allegations of favorable treatment due to his father's political standing. In late 1972 and early 1973, he was stationed with the 187th Fighter Wing of the Alabama Air National Guard while working on a U.S. Senate campaign. Bush was suspended from flying in 1972 for failing to take a scheduled physical exam, and he was honorably discharged from the Air Force Reserve on November 21, 1974. He is the most recent U.S. president to have served in the military.
In his early professional career, Bush established Arbusto Energy, an oil exploration company, and later merged it with Spectrum 7. His interest in sports led him to invest in the Texas Rangers baseball franchise. He became managing general partner and actively engaged in the team's projects.
Bush's political career began with a run for the House of Representatives in 1978, though he was not successful. He then worked on his father's 1988 presidential campaign, serving as a campaign advisor and media liaison. Later, he was a key figure in his father's 1992 re-election campaign.
In the 2000 presidential campaign, George W. Bush secured the Republican nomination and positioned himself as a "compassionate conservative." He focused on restoring integrity to the White House, increasing military strength, cutting taxes, improving education, and assisting minorities. Despite losing the popular vote, he won the presidency in a contested election with Democratic incumbent Vice President Al Gore, with the U.S. Supreme Court's Bush v. Gore ruling settling the outcome.
As President, Bush's administration was marked by significant events and policies. The 9/11 terrorist attacks reshaped his presidency, leading to the war on terror and the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. He initiated the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan and the signing of the Patriot Act to combat terrorism. The 2003 invasion of Iraq was based on concerns about weapons of mass destruction, and while these concerns were unfounded, Saddam Hussein's regime was overthrown. Bush also signed the Medicare Modernization Act, created Medicare Part D, and initiated various domestic and economic policies.
His second term saw major foreign policy efforts, including improving relations with European nations and supporting pro-democracy movements. He appointed John Roberts and Samuel Alito to the Supreme Court, but his efforts to reform Social Security and immigration laws were unsuccessful. Bush's response to Hurricane Katrina and the dismissal of U.S. attorneys were highly criticized.
In the post-presidential period, Bush returned to Texas, maintaining a relatively low profile. He made public appearances and participated in various events. He authored a memoir, "Decision Points," reflecting on his presidency, and engaged in charitable activities, such as establishing the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund. He pursued painting as a hobby and published a book of portraits.
George W. Bush's legacy remains a subject of debate. While his presidency faced criticism, his reputation has evolved over time. His administration had its highs and lows, with his leadership marked by significant historical events, including the September 11 attacks and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Date of Birth: 6th July, 1946
Time of Birth:
Place of Birth: New Haven