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The Gambia is a country in West Africa and it is the smallest country within Africa. Gambia attained its independence from their colonial masters, the British on 18th February 1965. It subsequently obtained the status of republic 24th April 1970 under the able leadership of the first president Sir Dawda Jawara.

Gambia is surrounded by Senegal, except for its western coast on the Atlantic Ocean, the country is actually situated on both sides of the lower reaches of the river Gambia. Gambia has an area of 11,300 sq km (4,400sq miles) with a population of 1,857,181 as of the 2013 census. The capital of the country is Banjul.

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